Icheri Sheher, or old city, the ancient part of Baku, is surrounded by walls. The territory of Icheri Sheher was inhabited already in the Bronze Age.
In the XIX century, Baku has experienced an oil boom, which led to a boom in construction and, as a result of which the city began to grow rapidly, and stepped over the walls of the old city. And walls could not resist the change as well; part of the fortress walls surrounding the city was demolished.
The most significant monuments in Icheri Sheher are Maiden’s Tower and Palace of the Shirvanshahs, the palace is considered the pearl of the Azerbaijani architecture. In addition, in this area there are dozens of historical monuments – mosques, caravanserais, baths, houses, several museums, embassies, hotels, a variety of shopping facilities, cafes and restaurants with the national cuisine.
In 1977, during the Soviet period, Icheri Sheher was declared a historical and architectural reserve, and in 2000, together with the Palace of the Shirvanshahs and Maiden Tower, was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Icheri Sheher became the first object in Azerbaijan included in the World Heritage list.
Here you can walk along the quiet narrow streets of the old city, buy souvenirs, take photos in the memory and taste the delicious dishes of Azerbaijani cuisine in the many cafés and restaurants.
Mountain Park of Baku is the highest point of the city, has a panoramic view of the city and the Baku Bay. Both the locals and tourists often come here to see the capital from a bird’s eye view, as well as just for a walk.
You can get to the park by cable car for 7-8 minutes from boulevard level or climb the stairs, you can also take a taxi, train here from the city center will cost in the range of 5 AZN. But it’s best to start right from the top – from the square, where the Parliament of Azerbaijan, Alley of Martyrs and the world-famous symbol of modern Baku Flame Towers are located.
Within a short time this complex had become a symbol of modern Baku. Flame Towers complex consists of 3 towers. The highest of them has a height of 182 meters. In one of the towers there is a luxury hotel, Fairmont, the hotel rooms offer stunning views of the city and the sea.
The towers are completely covered with LED-screens that show the movement of fire, visible from the farthest points of the city. According to a poll by skyscrapercity.com, influential forum on urban planning, the lightning of the Flame Towers was considered the best in the world.
It creates the visual effect of the gigantic torches that emphasize the core idea of the towers, that lies in their title – “Flame Towers”.
Heydar Aliyev Centre
One of the new symbols of modern Baku is the Heydar Aliyev Center. The building is a complex structure, which includes Congress Center, museum, showrooms, and administrative offices. The project for the center was designed in 2007 by world famous architect Zaha Hadid.
The center often hosts exhibitions of world renowned artists. In 2014 the building of the Heydar Aliyev Center was recognized as the best in the world – Design of the Year 2014 Award.
Baku Boulevard – one of the attractions of the capital and a favorite place of rest of Baku residents and tourists. In 2009, boulevard celebrated its 100 year anniversary.
The length of the park is currently 16 kilometers. Here you can enjoy the many cafes and attractions, or go on a pleasure boat, which opens with a stunning view of the sea from Baku. Those who want to take a look at the city from above can use the “Baku eye” Ferris wheel.